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DS90LV047A Datasheet(PDF) 5 Page - National Semiconductor (TI)

[Old version datasheet] Texas Instruments acquired National semiconductor.
Part No. DS90LV047A
Description  3V LVDS Quad CMOS Differential Line Driver
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Maker  NSC [National Semiconductor (TI)]
Homepage  http://www.national.com

DS90LV047A Datasheet(HTML) 5 Page - National Semiconductor (TI)

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Parameter Measurement Information (Continued)
Typical Application
Applications Information
General application guidelines and hints for LVDS drivers
and receivers may be found in the following application
notes: LVDS Owner’s Manual (lit #550062-001), AN808,
AN977, AN971, AN916, AN805, AN903.
LVDS drivers and receivers are intended to be primarily used
in an uncomplicated point-to-point configuration as is shown
in Figure 6. This configuration provides a clean signaling
environment for the fast edge rates of the drivers. The re-
ceiver is connected to the driver through a balanced media
which may be a standard twisted pair cable, a parallel pair
cable, or simply PCB traces. Typically, the characteristic
differential impedance of the media is in the range of 100
A termination resistor of 100
Ω (selected to match the media),
and is located as close to the receiver input pins as possible.
The termination resistor converts the driver output current
(current mode) into a voltage that is detected by the receiver.
Other configurations are possible such as a multi-receiver
configuration, but the effects of a mid-stream connector(s),
cable stub(s), and other impedance discontinuities as well as
ground shifting, noise margin limits, and total termination
loading must be taken into account.
The DS90LV047A differential line driver is a balanced cur-
rent source design. A current mode driver, generally speak-
ing has a high output impedance and supplies a constant
current for a range of loads (a voltage mode driver on the
other hand supplies a constant voltage for a range of loads).
Current is switched through the load in one direction to
produce a logic state and in the other direction to produce
the other logic state. The output current is typically 3.1 mA, a
minimum of 2.5 mA, and a maximum of 4.5 mA. The current
mode driver requires(as discussed above) that a resistive
termination be employed to terminate the signal and to com-
plete the loop as shown in Figure 6. AC or unterminated
configurations are not allowed. The 3.1 mA loop current will
develop a differential voltage of 310mV across the 100
termination resistor which the receiver detects with a 250mV
minimum differential noise margin, (driven signal minus re-
ceiver threshold (250mV – 100mV = 150mV)). The signal is
centered around +1.2V (Driver Offset, V
OS) with respect to
ground as shown in Figure 7. Note that the steady-state
voltage (V
SS) peak-to-peak swing is twice the differential
voltage (V
OD) and is typically 620mV.
The current mode driver provides substantial benefits over
voltage mode drivers, such as an RS-422 driver. Its quies-
cent current remains relatively flat versus switching fre-
quency. Whereas the RS-422 voltage mode driver increases
exponentially in most case between 20 MHz–50 MHz. This
FIGURE 5. Driver TRI-STATE Delay Waveform
FIGURE 6. Point-to-Point Application

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