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X25170 Datasheet(PDF) 3 Page - IC MICROSYSTEMS

Part No. X25170
Description  SPI Serial E 2 PROM with Block Lock Protection
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Maker  ICMIC [IC MICROSYSTEMS]
Homepage  http://www.icmic.com
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X25170 Datasheet(HTML) 3 Page - IC MICROSYSTEMS

 
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X25170
Characteristics subject to change without notice.
3 of 15
PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION
The X25170 is a 2K x 8 E2PROM designed to interface
directly with the synchronous serial peripheral interface
(SPI) of many popular microcontroller families.
The X25170 contains an 8-bit instruction register. It is
accessed via the SI input, with data being clocked in
on the rising SCK. CS must be LOW and the HOLD
and WP inputs must be HIGH during the entire opera-
tion. The WP input is “don’t care” if WPEN is set “0”.
Table 1 contains a list of the instructions and their
opcodes. All instructions, addresses and data are
transferred MSB first.
Data input is sampled on the first rising edge of SCK
after CS goes LOW. SCK is static, allowing the user to
stop the clock and then resume operations. If the clock
line is shared with other peripheral devices on the SPI
bus, the user can assert the HOLD input to place the
X25170 into a “PAUSE” condition. After releasing
HOLD, the X25170 will resume operation from the
point when HOLD was first asserted.
Write Enable Latch
The X25170 contains a “write enable” latch. This latch
must be SET before a write operation will be com-
pleted internally. The WREN instruction will set the
latch and the WRDI instruction will reset the latch. This
latch is automatically reset upon a power-up condition
and after the completion of a byte, page, or status reg-
ister write cycle.
Status Register
The RDSR instruction provides access to the status
register. The status register may be read at any time,
even during a write cycle. The status register is format-
ted as follows:
WPEN, BP0 and BP1 are set by the WRSR instruction.
WEL and WIP are read-only and automatically set by
other operations.
The Write-In-Process (WIP) bit indicates whether the
X25170 is busy with a write operation. When set to a
“1”, a write is in progress, when set to a “0”, no write is
in progress. During a write, all other bits are set to “1”.
The Write Enable Latch (WEL) bit indicates the status
of the “write enable” latch. When set to a “1”, the latch
is set, when set to a “0”, the latch is reset.
The Block Protect (BP0 and BP1) bits are nonvolatile
and allow the user to select one of four levels of protec-
tion. The X25170 is divided into four 4096-bit seg-
ments. One, two, or all four of the segments may be
protected. That is, the user may read the segments but
will be unable to alter (write) data within the selected
segments. The partitioning is controlled as illustrated in
the following table.
7
6
5
4
3210
WPEN
X
X
X
BL1
BL0
WEL
WIP
Status Register Bits
Array Addresses
Protected
BP1
BP0
0
0
None
0
1
$0600–$07FF
1
0
$0400–$07FF
1
1
$0000–$07FF
Table 1. Instruction Set
Notes: *Instructions are shown MSB in leftmost position. Instructions are transferred MSB first.
Instruction Name
Instruction Format*
Operation
WREN
0000 0110
Set the write enable latch (enable write operations)
WRDI
0000 0100
Reset the write enable latch (disable write operations)
RDSR
0000 0101
Read status register
WRSR
0000 0001
Write status register
READ
0000 0011
Read data from memory array beginning at selected address
WRITE
0000 0010
Write data to memory array beginning at selected address (1 to 32 Bytes)


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