1.2 Transmission System of I
1.2-1 Start and stop conditions
2C bus, SDA must be kept at a certain state while SCL is at the “H” state as shown below during data
tHDL;DAT or tHDH;DAT
The SCL and SDA pins are at the “H” level when no data transmission is made. Changing the SDA from “H” to “L”
when the SCL is “H” activates the start condition and access is started. Changing the SDA from “L” to “H” when the
SCL is “H” activates stop condition and accessing stopped. Generation of start and stop conditions are always made
by the master (see the figure below).
1.2-2 Data transmission and its acknowledge
After start condition is entered, data is transmitted by 1byte (8bits). Any bytes of data may be serially transmitted.
The receiving side will send an acknowledge signal to the transmission side each time 8bit data is transmitted.
The acknowledge signal is sent immediately after falling to “L” of SCL8bit clock pulses of data transmission, by
releasing the SDA by the transmission side that has asserted the bus at that time and by turning the SDA to “L” by
the receiving side. When transmission of 1byte data next to preceding 1byte of data is received the receiving side
releases the SDA pin at falling edge of the SCL9bit of clock pulses or when the receiving side switches to the
transmission side it starts data transmission. When the master is the receiving side, it generates no acknowledge
signal after the last 1byte of data from the slave to tell the transmitter that data transmission has completed when
the slave side (transmission side) continues to release the SDA pin so that the master will be able to generate stop
SCL from the master
the transmission side
the receiving side