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CY2545 Datasheet(PDF) 5 Page - Cypress Semiconductor

Part No. CY2545
Description  Quad PLL Programmable Spread Spectrum Clock Generator with Serial I2C Interface
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Manufacturer  CYPRESS [Cypress Semiconductor]
Direct Link  http://www.cypress.com
Logo CYPRESS - Cypress Semiconductor

CY2545 Datasheet(HTML) 5 Page - Cypress Semiconductor

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Document #: 001-13196 Rev. **
Page 5 of 17
General Description
Four Configurable PLLs
The CY2545 and CY2547 have four I2C programmable PLLs
available to generate output frequencies ranging from 3 to 166
MHz. The advantage of having four PLLs is that a single device
generates up to four independent frequencies from a single
crystal. Two sets of frequencies for each PLL can be
programmed. This enables in system frequency switching using
multifunction frequency select pin, FS.
I2C Programming
The CY2545 and CY2547 have a serial I2C interface that
programs the configuration memory array to synthesize output
frequencies by programmable output divider, spread character-
istics, drive strength, and crystal load capacitance. I2C can also
be used for in system control of these programmable features.
Input Reference Clocks
The input to the CY2545 and CY2547 is either a crystal or a clock
signal. The input frequency range for crystals is 8 MHz to 48
MHz. There is provision for two reference clock inputs, CLKIN
and EXCLKIN with frequency range of 8 MHz to 166 MHz. For
both devices, when CLKIN signal at pin 21 is used as a reference
input, a valid signal at EXCLKIN (as specified in the AC and DC
Electrical Specification table), must be present for the devices to
operate properly.
Multiple Power Supplies
The CY2545 and CY2547 are designed to operate at internal
core supply voltage of 1.8V. In the case of the high voltage part
(CY2545), an internal regulator is used to generate 1.8V from the
2.5V/3.0V/3.3V VDD supply voltage at pin 22. For the low voltage
part (CY2547), this internal regulator is bypassed and 1.8V at
VDD_CORE pin 22 is directly used.
Output Bank Settings
These devices have eight clock outputs grouped in three output
driver banks. The Bank 1, Bank 2, and Bank 3 correspond to
(CLK1, CLK2), (CLK3, CLK4, CLK5), and (CLK6, CLK7, CLK8),
respectively. Separate power supplies are used for each of these
banks and they can be any of 2.5V, 3.0V, or 3.3V for CY2545 and
1.8V for CY2547 giving user multiple choice of output clock
voltage levels.
Output Source Selection
These devices have eight clock outputs (CLK1 - 8). There are six
available clock sources for these outputs. These clock sources
are: XIN/EXCLKIN, CLKIN, PLL1, PLL2, PLL3, or PLL4. Output
clock source selection is done using four out of six crossbar
switch. Thus, any one of these six available clock sources can
be arbitrarily selected for the clock outputs. This gives user a
flexibility to have up to four independent clock outputs.
Spread Spectrum Control
Two of the four PLLs (PLL3 and PLL4) have spread spectrum
capability for EMI reduction in the system. The device uses a
Cypress proprietary PLL and Spread Spectrum Clock (SSC)
technology to synthesize and modulate the frequency of the PLL.
The spread spectrum feature can be turned on or off using a
multifunction control pin (CLK7/SSON). It can be programmed to
either center spread range from ±0.125% to ±2.50% or down
spread range from –0.25% to –5.0% with Lexmark or Linear
Frequency Select
The device can store two different PLL frequency configurations,
output source selection and output divider values for all eight
outputs in its nonvolatile memory location. There is a
multfunction programmable pin, CLK3/FS which , if programmed
as frequency select input, can be used to select between these
two arbitrarily programmed settings.
Glitch Free Frequency Switch
When the frequency select pin (FS) is used to switch frequency,
the outputs are glitch-free provided frequency is switched using
output dividers. This feature enables uninterrupted system
operation while clock frequency is switched.
Device Reset Function
There is a multifunction CLKIN/RST (pin 21) that can be
programmed to use for the device reset function. There are two
different programmable modes of operation for this device reset
function. First one (called POR like reset), when used brings the
device in the default register settings loosing all configuration
changes made through the I2C interface. The second (called
Clean Start), keeps the I2C programmed values while giving all
outputs a simultaneous clean start from its low pull down state.
PD#/OE Mode
PD#/OE (Pin 4) is programable to operate as either power down
(PD#) or output enable (OE) mode. PD# is a low true input. If
activated it shuts off the entire chip, resulting in minimum device
power consumption. Setting this signal high brings the device
into operational mode with default register settings.
When this pin is programmed as Output Enable (OE), clock
outputs are enabled or disabled using OE (pin 4). Individual clock
outputs can be programmed to be sensitive to this OE pin.
Keep Alive Mode
By activating the device in the keep alive mode, power down
mode is changed to power saving mode. This disables all PLLs
and outputs, but preserves the contents of the volatile registers.
Thus, any configuration changes made through the I2C interface
are preserved. By deactivating the keep alive mode, I2C memory
is not preserved during power down, but power consumption is
reduced relative to the keep alive mode.
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