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SCC2692 Datasheet(PDF) 10 Page - NXP Semiconductors

Part No. SCC2692
Description  Dual asynchronous receiver/transmitter DUART
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Maker  PHILIPS [NXP Semiconductors]
Homepage  http://www.nxp.com
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SCC2692 Datasheet(HTML) 10 Page - NXP Semiconductors

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Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
SCC2692
Dual asynchronous receiver/transmitter (DUART)
1998 Sep 04
10
mode reading the SR does not affect the FIFO. The FIFO is
‘popped’ only when the RHR is read. Therefore the status register
should be read prior to reading the FIFO.
If the FIFO is full when a new character is received, that character is
held in the receive shift register until a FIFO position is available. If
an additional character is received while this state exits, the
contents of the FIFO are not affected; the character previously in the
shift register is lost and the overrun error status bit (SR[4] will be
set-upon receipt of the start bit of the new (overrunning) character.
The receiver can control the deactivation of RTS. If programmed to
operate in this mode, the RTSN output will be negated when a valid
start bit was received and the FIFO is full. When a FIFO position
becomes available, the RTSN output will be re-asserted
automatically. This feature can be used to prevent an overrun, in the
receiver, by connecting the RTSN output to the CTSN input of the
transmitting device.
Receiver Reset and Disable
Receiver disable stops the receiver immediately – data being
assembled if the receiver shift register is lost. Data and status in the
FIFO is preserved and may be read. A re-enable of the receiver
after a disable will cause the receiver to begin assembling
characters at the next start bit detected. A receiver reset will discard
the present shift register data, reset the receiver ready bit (RxRDY),
clear the status of the byte at the top of the FIFO and re-align the
FIFO read/write pointers. This has the appearance of “clearing or
flushing” the receiver FIFO. In fact, the FIFO is NEVER cleared!
The data in the FIFO remains valid until overwritten by another
received character. Because of this, erroneous reading or extra
reads of the receiver FIFO will miss-align the FIFO pointers and
result in the reading of previously read data. A receiver reset will
re-align the pointers.
Receiver Timeout Mode
The timeout mode uses the received data stream to control the
counter/timer. Each time a received character is transferred from the
shift register to the RHR, the counter is restarted. If a new character
is not received before the counter reaches zero count, the counter
ready bit is set, and an interrupt can be generated. This mode can
be used to indicate when data has been left in the Rx FIFO for more
than the programmed time limit. Otherwise, if the receiver has been
programmed to interrupt the CPU when the receive FIFO is full, and
the message ends before the FIFO is full, the CPU may not know
there is data left in the FIFO. The CTU and CTL value would be
programmed for just over one character time, so that the CPU would
be interrupted as soon as it has stopped receiving continuous data.
This mode can also be used to indicate when the serial line has
been marking for longer than the programmed time limit. In this
case, the CPU has read all of the characters from the FIFO, but the
last character received has started the count. If there is no new data
during the programmed time interval, the counter ready bit will get
set, and an interrupt can be generated.
The timeout mode is enabled by writing the appropriate command to
the command register. Writing an ‘Ax’ to CRA or CRB will invoke the
timeout mode for that channel. Writing a ‘Cx’ to CRA or CRB will
disable the timeout mode. The timeout mode should only be used by
one channel at once, since it uses the C/T. CTU and CTL must be
loaded with a value greater than the normal receive character
period. The timeout mode disables the regular START/STOP
Counter commands and puts the C/T into counter mode under the
control of the received data stream. Each time a received character
is transferred from the shift register to the RHR, the C/T is stopped
after 1 C/T clock, reloaded with the value in CTU and CTL and then
restarted on the next C/T clock. If the C/T is allowed to end the
count before a new character has been received, the counter ready
bit, ISR[3], will be set. If IMR[3] is set, this will generate an interrupt.
Since receiving a character after the C/T has timed out will clear the
counter ready bit, ISR[3], and the interrupt. Invoking the ‘Set
Timeout Mode On’ command, CRx = ‘Ax’, will also clear the counter
ready bit and stop the counter until the next character is received.
This mode is reset by the “Disable Time-out Mode” command (CR
x’C0) must be used.
Time Out Mode Caution
When operating in the special time out mode, it is possible to
generate what appears to be a “false interrupt”, i.e., an interrupt
without a cause. This may result when a time-out interrupt occurs
and then, BEFORE the interrupt is serviced, another character is
received, i.e., the data stream has started again. (The interrupt
latency is longer than the pause in the data strea.) In this case,
when a new character has been receiver, the counter/timer will be
restarted by the receiver, thereby withdrawing its interrupt. If, at this
time, the interrupt service begins for the previously seen interrupt, a
read of the ISR will show the “Counter Ready” bit not set. If nothing
else is interrupting, this read of the ISR will return a x’00 character.
Multidrop Mode
The DUART is equipped with a receiver wake-up mode for multidrop
applications. This mode is selected by programming bits MR1A[4:3]
or MR1B[4:3] to ‘11’ for Channels A and B, respectively. In this mode
of operation, a ‘master’ station transmits an address character
followed by data characters for the addressed ‘slave’ station. The
slave stations, with receivers that are normally disabled, examine
the received data stream and ‘wake-up’ the CPU (by setting
RxRDY) only upon receipt of an address character. The CPU
compares the received address to its station address and enables
the receiver if it wishes to receive the subsequent data characters.
Upon receipt of another address character, the CPU may disable the
receiver to initiate the process again.
A transmitted character consists of a start bit, the programmed
number of data bits, and Address/Data (A/D) bit, and the
programmed number of stop bits. The polarity of the transmitted A/D
bit is selected by the CPU by programming bit MR1A[2]/MR1B[2].
MR1A[2]/MR1B[2] = 0 transmits a zero in the A/D bit position, which
identifies the corresponding data bits as data while
MR1A[2]/MR1B[2] = 1 transmits a one in the A/D bit position, which
identifies the corresponding data bits as an address. The CPU
should program the mode register prior to loading the corresponding
data bits into the THR.
In this mode, the receiver continuously looks at the received data
stream, whether it is enabled or disabled. If disabled, it sets the
RxRDY status bit and loads the character into the RHR FIFO if the
received A/D bit is a one (address tag), but discards the received
character if the received A/D bit is a zero (data tag). If enabled, all
received characters are transferred to the CPU via the RHR. In
either case, the data bits are loaded into the data FIFO while the
A/D bit is loaded into the status FIFO position normally used for
parity error (SRA[5] or SRB[5]). Framing error, overrun error, and
break detect operate normally whether or not the receive is enabled.


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