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ISL6310 Datasheet(PDF) 24 Page - Intersil Corporation

Part No. ISL6310
Description  Two-Phase Buck PWM Controller with High Current Integrated MOSFET Drivers
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Maker  INTERSIL [Intersil Corporation]
Homepage  http://www.intersil.com/cda/home
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ISL6310 Datasheet(HTML) 24 Page - Intersil Corporation

 
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24
FN9209.3
December 12, 2006
Switching Frequency
There are a number of variables to consider when choosing
the switching frequency, as there are considerable effects on
the upper MOSFET loss calculation. These effects are
outlined in MOSFETs, and they establish the upper limit for
the switching frequency. The lower limit is established by the
requirement for fast transient response and small output-
voltage ripple as outlined in Output Filter Design. Choose the
lowest switching frequency that allows the regulator to meet
the transient-response requirements.
Switching frequency is determined by the selection of the
frequency-setting resistor, RFS. Figure 24 and Equation 33
are provided to assist in selecting the correct value for RFS.
Input Capacitor Selection
The input capacitors are responsible for sourcing the AC
component of the input current flowing into the upper
MOSFETs. Their RMS current capacity must be sufficient to
handle the ac component of the current drawn by the upper
MOSFETs which is related to duty cycle and the number of
active phases.
For a Two-phase design, use Figure 25 to determine the
input-capacitor RMS current requirement set by the duty
cycle, maximum sustained output current (IO), and the ratio
of the peak-to-peak inductor current (IL,PP) to IO. Select a
bulk capacitor with a ripple current rating which will minimize
the total number of input capacitors required to support the
RMS current calculated. The voltage rating of the capacitors
should also be at least 1.25 times greater than the maximum
input voltage. Figure 26 provides the same input RMS
current information for single-phase designs. Use the same
approach for selecting the bulk capacitor type and number.
Low ESL, high-frequency ceramic capacitors are needed in
addition to the input bulk capacitors to suppress leading and
falling edge voltage spikes. The spikes result from the high
current slew rate produced by the upper MOSFET turn on and
off. Place them as close as possible to each upper MOSFET
drain to minimize board parasitics and maximize suppression.
Layout Considerations
MOSFETs switch very fast and efficiently. The speed with
which the current transitions from one device to another
causes voltage spikes across the interconnecting
impedances and parasitic circuit elements. These voltage
spikes can degrade efficiency, radiate noise into the circuit
and lead to device overvoltage stress. Careful component
layout and printed circuit design minimizes the voltage
spikes in the converter. Consider, as an example, the turnoff
transition of the upper PWM MOSFET. Prior to turnoff, the
upper MOSFET was carrying channel current. During the
turnoff, current stops flowing in the upper MOSFET and is
picked up by the lower MOSFET. Any inductance in the
R
FS
10
10.61
1.035
F
SW
()
log
[]
=
(EQ. 33)
FIGURE 24. RFS vs SWITCHING FREQUENCY
100K
200K
500K
1M
2M
SWITCHING FREQUENCY (Hz)
10
20
50
100
200
FIGURE 25. NORMALIZED INPUT-CAPACITOR RMS
CURRENT FOR 2-PHASE CONVERTER
0.3
0.1
0
0.2
00.4
1.0
0.2
0.6
0.8
DUTY CYCLE (VIN/VO)
IL,PP = 0
IL,PP = 0.5 IO
IL,PP = 0.75 IO
FIGURE 26. NORMALIZED INPUT-CAPACITOR RMS
CURRENT FOR SINGLE-PHASE CONVERTER
00.4
1.0
0.2
0.6
0.8
DUTY CYCLE (VIN/VO)
0.6
0.2
0
0.4
IL,PP = 0
IL,PP = 0.5 IO
IL,PP = 0.75 IO
ISL6310


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