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NCP5425DBR2G Datasheet(PDF) 12 Page - ON Semiconductor

Part # NCP5425DBR2G
Description  Dual Synchronous Buck Controller
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Manufacturer  ONSEMI [ON Semiconductor]
Direct Link  http://www.onsemi.com
Logo ONSEMI - ON Semiconductor

NCP5425DBR2G Datasheet(HTML) 12 Page - ON Semiconductor

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NCP5425
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12
Figure 8A − Basic Current Sensing
Represents a basic inductor sensing configuration. When
the voltage at pin +Is exceeds the voltage at pin –Is by 70 mV
(nominal), the internal current sense comparator offset will
be overcome. For this case, the current limit threshold is
equal to (70 mV/Rx) amps. An obvious disadvantage of the
basic configuration is the power supply designer has no
control over the 70 mV offset, and limited control over the
value of Rx. Therefore, he or she has little flexibility to set
a specific current limit. Configurations (8B) and (8D) depict
techniques to increase and decrease, respectively, the
threshold current.
Figure 8B – Increasing the Current Threshold
Addition of resistor R2 forms a voltage divider such that
only a portion of the voltage across Rx appears across C1.
If, for example, R1 = R2, it will require a 140 mV drop
across Rx to overcome the internal 70 mV current sense
comparator offset. For optimum compensation with this
configuration, R1 and R2 should be selected such that Rx is
equal to their equivalent parallel resistance.
Figure 8C – Bias Current Compensation
Configurations 8A, 8B and 8D all introduce a potential
error, since the bias currents of the current sense comparator
inputs flow through unbalanced resistance paths. The
addition of R3 in configuration 8C, where R3 = R1, restores
a balanced input resistance, such that any voltage drops
introduced by bias currents will cancel (assuming the +Is
and –Is bias currents are equal). In the case of configuration
8B, R3 would be made equal to the equivalent resistance of
R1 and R2 in parallel.
Figure 8D – Decreasing the Current Threshold
A voltage divider comprised of R3 and R4 is introduced
to develop, by scaling the output voltage, a small voltage
drop across R3 that opposes the internal current sense
comparator offset. For example, if Vout = 1.2 V, R3 = 200
W,
and R4 = 11.8 K, a DC voltage drop of 20 mV will be
established across R3. The polarity of that voltage is such
that it opposes the internal 70 mV offset, effectively
reducing it to 50 mV. The current threshold is now given by
(50 mV/Rx) instead of (70 mV/Rx).
Current Limiting
Both channels of the NCP5425 employ identical
Cycle−by−Cycle current limiting. Comparators with
internal 70 mV offsets provide the references for setting
current limit. Once a voltage greater than 70 mV is applied
to the current limiting comparator, it resets that channel’s
output RS flip flop. This terminates the PWM pulse for the
cycle and limits the energy delivered to the load. One
advantage of this current limiting scheme is that the
NCP5425 will limit large transient currents yet resume
normal operation on the following cycle. A second benefit
of limiting the PWM pulse width is, in an input power
sharing application, one controller can be current limiting
while the other supplies the remaining load current.
Output Enable
On/Off control of the regulator outputs can be
implemented by pulling the COMP pins low. Driving the
COMP pins below the 0.20 V PWM comparator offset
voltage disables switching of the GATE drivers.


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