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AT89S53 Datasheet(PDF) 6 Page - ATMEL Corporation

Part No. AT89S53
Description  8-bit Microcontroller with 12K Bytes Flash
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Maker  ATMEL [ATMEL Corporation]
Homepage  http://www.atmel.com
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AT89S53 Datasheet(HTML) 6 Page - ATMEL Corporation

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6
0787E–MICRO–3/06
AT89S53
Special Function Registers
A map of the on-chip memory area called the Special Func-
tion Register (SFR) space is shown in Table 1.
Note that not all of the addresses are occupied, and unoc-
cupied addresses may not be implemented on the chip.
Read accesses to these addresses will in general return
random data, and write accesses will have an indeterminate
effect.
User software should not write 1s to these unlisted loca-
tions, since they may be used in future products to invoke
new features. In that case, the reset or inactive values of the
new bits will always be 0.
Timer 2 Registers Control and status bits are contained in
registers T2CON (shown in Table 2) and T2MOD (shown in
Table 9) for Timer 2. The register pair (RCAP2H, RCAP2L)
are the Capture/Reload registers for Timer 2 in 16-bit cap-
ture mode or 16-bit auto-reload mode.
Watchdog Control Register The WCON register contains
control bits for the Watchdog Timer (shown in Table 3). The
DPS bit selects one of two DPTR registers available.
Table 2. T2CON—Timer/Counter 2 Control Register
T2CON Address = 0C8H
Reset Value = 0000 0000B
Bit Addressable
TF2
EXF2
RCLK
TCLK
EXEN2
TR2
C/T2
CP/RL2
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
Function
TF2
Timer 2 overflow flag set by a Timer 2 overflow and must be cleared by software. TF2 will not be set when either RCLK =
1 or TCLK = 1.
EXF2
Timer 2 external flag set when either a capture or reload is caused by a negative transition on T2EX and EXEN2 = 1.
When Timer 2 interrupt is enabled, EXF2 = 1 will cause the CPU to vector to the Timer 2 interrupt routine. EXF2 must be
cleared by software. EXF2 does not cause an interrupt in up/down counter mode (DCEN = 1).
RCLK
Receive clock enable. When set, causes the serial port to use Timer 2 overflow pulses for its receive clock in serial port
Modes 1 and 3. RCLK = 0 causes Timer 1 overflows to be used for the receive clock.
TCLK
Transmit clock enable. When set, causes the serial port to use Timer 2 overflow pulses for its transmit clock in serial port
Modes 1 and 3. TCLK = 0 causes Timer 1 overflows to be used for the transmit clock.
EXEN2
Timer 2 external enable. When set, allows a capture or reload to occur as a result of a negative transition on T2EX if
Timer 2 is not being used to clock the serial port. EXEN2 = 0 causes Timer 2 to ignore events at T2EX.
TR2
Start/Stop control for Timer 2. TR2 = 1 starts the timer.
C/T2
Timer or counter select for Timer 2. C/T2 = 0 for timer function. C/T2 = 1 for external event counter (falling edge
triggered).
CP/RL2
Capture/Reload select. CP/RL2 = 1 causes captures to occur on negative transitions at T2EX if EXEN2 = 1. CP/RL2 = 0
causes automatic reloads to occur when Timer 2 overflows or negative transitions occur at T2EX when EXEN2 = 1. When
either RCLK or TCLK = 1, this bit is ignored and the timer is forced to auto-reload on Timer 2 overflow.


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