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MIC2292 Datasheet(PDF) 7 Page - Micrel Semiconductor

Part No. MIC2292
Description  High Frequency PWM White LED Drivers with Internal Schottky Diode and OVP
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Maker  MICREL [Micrel Semiconductor]
Homepage  http://www.micrel.com
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MIC2292 Datasheet(HTML) 7 Page - Micrel Semiconductor

   
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August, 2004
7
M9999-081204
MIC2292/93
Micrel
Dimming Control
There are two techniques for dimming control. One is PWM
dimming and the other is continuous dimming.
1. PWM dimming control is implemented by applying
a PWM signal on EN pin as shown in Figure 1. The
MIC2292/93 is turned on and off by the PWM
signal. With this method, the LEDs operate with
either zero or full current. The average LED current
is increased proportionally to the duty-cycle of the
PWM signal. This technique has high-efficiency
because the IC and the LEDs consume no current
during the off cycle of the PWM signal. Typical
frequency should be between 100Hz and 10kHz.
2. Continuous dimming control is implemented by
applying a DC control voltage to the FB pin of the
MIC2292/93 through a series resistor as shown in
Figure 2. The LED current is decreased propor-
tionally with the amplitude of the control voltage.
The LED intensity (current) can be dynamically
varied applying a DC voltage to the FB pin. The DC
voltage can come from a DAC signal or a filtered
PWM signal. The advantage of this approach is
that a high frequency PWM signal (>10kHz) can
be used to control LED intensity.
PWM
VIN
EN
SW
FB
OUT
GND
VIN
Figure 1. PWM Dimming Method
VIN
EN
SW
FB
OUT
5.11k
49.9k
GND
DC
Equivalent
VIN
Figure 2. Continuous Dimming
Open-Circuit Protection
If the LEDs are disconnected from the circuit, or in case an
LED fails open, the sense resistor will pull the FB pin to
ground. This will cause the MIC2292/93 to switch with a high
duty-cycle resulting in output overvoltage. This may cause
the SW pin voltage to exceed its maximum voltage rating,
possibly damaging the IC and the external components. To
ensure the highest level of protection, the MIC2292/93 has
three product options in the 8-lead MLF™with overvoltage
protection, OVP. The extra pins of the 8-leadMLF™ package
allow the use of a dedicated OVP monitor with options for 15V
or 34V (see Figure 3). The reason for the three OVP levels
is to let users choose the suitable level of OVP for their
application. For example, a 3-LED application would typically
see an output voltage of no more than 12V, so a 15V OVP
option would offer a suitable level of protection. This allows
the user to select the output diode and capacitor with the
lowest voltage ratings, and accordingly, smallest size and
lowest cost. The OVP will clamp the output voltage to within
the specified limits.
VIN
EN
GND
SW
FB
OUT
VIN
Figure 3. MLF™ Package OVP Circuit
Start-Up and Inrush Current
During start-up, inrush current of approximately double the
nominal current flows to set up the inductor current and the
voltage on the output capacitor. If the inrush current needs to
be limited, a soft-start circuit similar to Figure 4 could be
implemented. The soft-start capacitor, C
ss, provides over-
drive to the FB pin at start-up, resulting in gradual increase of
switch duty cycle and limited inrush current.
VIN
EN
10k
2200pF
SW
OUT
FB
CSS
R
GND
VIN
Figure 4. Soft-Start Circuit
Functional Characteristics


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