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ISL6322 Datasheet(PDF) 37 Page - Intersil Corporation

Part No. ISL6322
Description  Four-Phase Buck PWM Controller with Integrated MOSFET Drivers and I2C Interface for Intel VR10, VR11, and AMD Applications
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Maker  INTERSIL [Intersil Corporation]
Homepage  http://www.intersil.com/cda/home
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ISL6322 Datasheet(HTML) 37 Page - Intersil Corporation

 
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37
FN6328.0
August 21, 2006
The filter capacitor must have sufficiently low ESL and ESR
so that
ΔV < ΔVMAX.
Most capacitor solutions rely on a mixture of high-frequency
capacitors with relatively low capacitance in combination
with bulk capacitors having high capacitance but limited
high-frequency performance. Minimizing the ESL of the
high-frequency capacitors allows them to support the output
voltage as the current increases. Minimizing the ESR of the
bulk capacitors allows them to supply the increased current
with less output voltage deviation.
The ESR of the bulk capacitors also creates the majority of
the output-voltage ripple. As the bulk capacitors sink and
source the inductor ac ripple current (see “Interleaving” on
page 11 and Equation 2), a voltage develops across the bulk
capacitor ESR equal to IC,PP (ESR). Thus, once the output
capacitors are selected, the maximum allowable ripple
voltage, VPP(MAX), determines the lower limit on the
inductance.
Since the capacitors are supplying a decreasing portion of
the load current while the regulator recovers from the
transient, the capacitor voltage becomes slightly depleted.
The output inductors must be capable of assuming the entire
load current before the output voltage decreases more than
ΔV
MAX. This places an upper limit on inductance.
Equation 45 gives the upper limit on L for the cases when
the trailing edge of the current transient causes a greater
output-voltage deviation than the leading edge. Equation 46
addresses the leading edge. Normally, the trailing edge
dictates the selection of L because duty cycles are usually
less than 50%. Nevertheless, both inequalities should be
evaluated, and L should be selected based on the lower of
the two results. In each equation:
L is the per-channel inductance,
C is the total output capacitance, and
N is the number of active channels.
Switching Frequency
There are a number of variables to consider when choosing
the switching frequency, as there are considerable effects on
the upper MOSFET loss calculation. These effects are
outlined in MOSFETs, and they establish the upper limit for
the switching frequency. The lower limit is established by the
requirement for fast transient response and small output-
voltage ripple as outlined in “Compensation without Load-
line Regulation” on page 35. Choose the lowest switching
frequency that allows the regulator to meet the transient-
response requirements.
Switching frequency is determined by the selection of the
frequency-setting resistor, RT. Figure 25 and Equation 47
are provided to assist in selecting the correct value for RT.
Input Capacitor Selection
The input capacitors are responsible for sourcing the ac
component of the input current flowing into the upper
MOSFETs. Their RMS current capacity must be sufficient to
handle the ac component of the current drawn by the upper
MOSFETs which is related to duty cycle and the number of
active phases.
L
ESR
V
IN
NV
OUT
⎝⎠
⎛⎞ V
OUT
f
S VIN VPP MAX
()
⋅⋅
--------------------------------------------------------------------
(EQ. 44)
L
2NCVO
⋅⋅⋅
ΔI
()2
---------------------------------
ΔV
MAX
ΔIESR
()
(EQ. 45)
L
1.25 NC
⋅⋅
ΔI
()2
-----------------------------
ΔV
MAX
ΔI ESR
()
V
IN
V
O
⎝⎠
⎛⎞
⋅⋅
(EQ. 46)
R
T
10
10.61
1.035
fS
()
log
()
[]
=
(EQ. 47)
10
100
1000
10
100
1000
10000
FIGURE 25. RT vs SWITCHING FREQUENCY
SWITCHING FREQUENCY (kHz)
FIGURE 26. NORMALIZED INPUT-CAPACITOR RMS CURRENT
vs DUTY CYCLE FOR 4-PHASE CONVERTER
00.4
1.0
0.2
0.6
0.8
DUTY CYCLE (VO/VIN)
0.3
0.1
0
0.2
IL,PP = 0
IL,PP = 0.25 IO
IL,PP = 0.5 IO
IL,PP = 0.75 IO
ISL6322


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