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P87LPC764 Datasheet(PDF) 12 Page - NXP Semiconductors

Part No. P87LPC764
Description  Low power, low price, low pin count (20 pin) microcontroller with 4 kbyte OTP
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Manufacturer  PHILIPS [NXP Semiconductors]
Direct Link  http://www.nxp.com
Logo PHILIPS - NXP Semiconductors

P87LPC764 Datasheet(HTML) 12 Page - NXP Semiconductors

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Philips Semiconductors
Product data
P87LPC764
Low power, low price, low pin count (20 pin)
microcontroller with 4 kbyte OTP
2003 Sep 03
11
Internal Reference Voltage
An internal reference voltage generator may supply a default
reference when a single comparator input pin is used. The value of
the internal reference voltage, referred to as Vref, is 1.28 V ±10%.
Comparator Interrupt
Each comparator has an interrupt flag CMFn contained in its
configuration register. This flag is set whenever the comparator
output changes state. The flag may be polled by software or may be
used to generate an interrupt. The interrupt will be generated when
the corresponding enable bit ECn in the IEN1 register is set and the
interrupt system is enabled via the EA bit in the IEN0 register.
Comparators and Power Reduction Modes
Either or both comparators may remain enabled when Power Down
or Idle mode is activated. The comparators will continue to function
in the power reduction mode. If a comparator interrupt is enabled, a
change of the comparator output state will generate an interrupt and
wake up the processor. If the comparator output to a pin is enabled,
the pin should be configured in the push-pull mode in order to obtain
fast switching times while in power down mode. The reason is that
with the oscillator stopped, the temporary strong pull-up that
normally occurs during switching on a quasi-bidirectional port pin
does not take place.
Comparators consume power in Power Down and Idle modes, as
well as in the normal operating mode. This fact should be taken into
account when system power consumption is an issue.
Comparator Configuration Example
The code shown in Figure 5 is an example of initializing one
comparator. Comparator 1 is configured to use the CIN1A and
CMPREF inputs, outputs the comparator result to the CMP1 pin,
and generates an interrupt when the comparator output changes.
The interrupt routine used for the comparator must clear the
interrupt flag (CMF1 in this case) before returning.
SU01189
CmpInit:
mov
PT0AD,#30h
; Disable digital inputs on pins that are used
;
for analog functions: CIN1A, CMPREF.
anl
P0M2,#0cfh
; Disable digital outputs on pins that are used
orl
P0M1,#30h
;
for analog functions: CIN1A, CMPREF.
mov
CMP1,#24h
; Turn on comparator 1 and set up for:
;
– Positive input on CIN1A.
;
– Negative input from CMPREF pin.
;
– Output to CMP1 pin enabled.
call
delay10us
; The comparator has to start up for at
;
least 10 microseconds before use.
anl
CMP1,#0feh
; Clear comparator 1 interrupt flag.
setb
EC1
; Enable the comparator 1 interrupt. The
;
priority is left at the current value.
setb
EA
; Enable the interrupt system (if needed).
ret
; Return to caller.
Figure 5.


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