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NCP1582 Datasheet(PDF) 6 Page - ON Semiconductor

Part No. NCP1582
Description  Low Voltage Synchronous Buck Controllers
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Maker  ONSEMI [ON Semiconductor]
Homepage  http://www.onsemi.com
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NCP1582 Datasheet(HTML) 6 Page - ON Semiconductor

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NCP1582, NCP1582A, NCP1583
http://onsemi.com
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DETAILED OPERATING DESCRIPTION
General
The NCP158x is an 8−pin PWM controller intended for
DC−DC conversion from 5.0 V & 12 V buses. The NCP158x
has a 0.7 A internal gate driver circuit designed to drive
N−channel MOSFETs in a synchronous−rectifier buck
topology. The output voltage of the converter can be
precisely regulated down to 800 mV 1.5% when the VFB pin
is tied to VOUT. The switching frequency is internally set. A
high gain operational transconductance error amplifier
(OTA) is used.
Duty Cycle and Maximum Pulse Width Limits
In steady state DC operation, the duty cycle will stabilize
at an operating point defined by the ratio of the input to the
output voltage. The NCP158x can achieve an 80% duty
cycle. There is a built in off−time which ensures that the
bootstrap supply is charged every cycle. The NCP158x,
which is capable of a 100 nsec pulse width (min.), can allow
a 12 V to 0.8 V conversion at 350 kHz.
Input Voltage Range (VCC and BST)
The input voltage range for both VCC and BST is 4.5 V to
13.2 V with respect to GND and PHASE, respectively.
Although BST is rated at 13.2 V with respect to PHASE, it
can also tolerate 26.5 V with respect to GND.
External Enable/Disable
When the Comp pin voltage falls or is pulled externally
below the 400 mv threshold, it disables the PWM Logic and
the gate drive outputs. In this disabled mode, the operational
transconductance error amplifier’s (EOTA) output source
current is reduced and limited to the Soft Start current of 10
mA.
Normal Shutdown Behavior
Normal shutdown occurs when the IC stops switching
because the input supply reaches UVLO threshold. In this
case, switching stops, the internal SS is discharged, and all
GATE pins go low. The switch node enters a high impedance
state and the output capacitors discharge through the load
with no ringing on the output voltage.
External Soft Start
The NCP158x features an external soft start function,
which reduces inrush current and overshoot of the output
voltage. Soft start is achieved by using the internal current
source of 10
mA. (typ), which charges the external integrator
capacitor of the transconductance amplifier. Figure 10 is a
typical soft start sequence. This sequence begins once VCC
surpasses its UVLO threshold. During Soft Start, as the
Comp Pin rises through 400 mV, the PWM Logic and gate
drives are enabled. When the feedback voltage crosses
800 mV, the EOTA will be given control to switch to its
higher regulation mode output current of 120
mA. In the
event of an overcurrent during soft start, the overcurrent
logic will override the soft start sequence and will shut down
the PWM logic and both the high side and low side gates.
Figure 10. Soft Start Implementation
0.4 V
1.1 V
0.4 V
Vcomp
Enable
Vfb
10 mA
10 mA
120 mA
Isource/
Sink
SS
−10 mA
Start Up
Normal
Timing Diagram NCP1582: Enable Sequence
UVLO
Under Voltage Lockout (UVLO) is provided to ensure that
unexpected behavior does not occur when VCC is too low to
support the internal rails and power the converter. For the
NCP158x, the UVLO is set to ensure that the IC will start up
when VCC reaches 4.2 V and shutdown when VCC drops
below 3.7 V. This permits operation when converting from
a 5.0 input voltage.
Current Limit Protection
In case of a short circuit or overload, the low−side (LS)
FET will conduct large currents. The controller will shut
down the regulator in this situation for protection against
overcurrent. The low−side RDSon sense is implemented by
comparing the voltage at the Phase node when BG starts
going low to an internally generated fixed voltage. If the
phase voltage is lower than SCP trip voltage, an overcurrent
condition occurs and a counter is initiated. When the counter
completes, the PWM logic and both HS−FET and LS−FET
are turned off. The controller will retry to see if the short
circuit or overload condition is removed through the soft
start cycle. The minimum turn−on time of the LS−FET is set
to be 500 ns. The trip thresholds have a −95 mV, +45 mV
process and temperature variation.
Drivers
The NCP158x includes 0.7 A gate drivers to switch
external N−channel MOSFETs. This allows the NCP158x to
address high−power as well as low−power conversion
requirements. The gate drivers also include adaptive
non−overlap circuitry. The non−overlap circuitry increase
efficiency,
which
minimizes
power
dissipation,
by
minimizing the body diode conduction time.
A detailed block diagram of the non−overlap and gate
drive circuitry used in the chip is shown in Figure 11.


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