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M306V5ME-XXXSP Datasheet(PDF) 17 Page - Mitsubishi Electric Semiconductor

Part No. M306V5ME-XXXSP
Description  SINGLE-CHIP 16-BIT CMOS MICROCOMPUTER with CLOSED CAPTION DECODER and ON-SCREEN DISPLAY CONTROLLER
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Maker  MITSUBISHI [Mitsubishi Electric Semiconductor]
Homepage  http://www.mitsubishichips.com
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M306V5ME-XXXSP Datasheet(HTML) 17 Page - Mitsubishi Electric Semiconductor

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M306V5ME-XXXSP
M306V5EESP
MITSUBISHI MICROCOMPUTERS
SINGLE-CHIP 16-BIT CMOS MICROCOMPUTER with CLOSED CAPTION DECODER
and ON-SCREEN DISPLAY CONTROLLER
17
Rev. 1.0
2.2.1 Data Registers (R0, R0H, R0L, R1, R1H, R1L, R2, and R3)
Data registers (R0, R1, R2, and R3) are configured with 16 bits, and are used primarily for transfer and
arithmetic/logic operations.
Registers R0 and R1 each can be used as separate 8-bit data registers, high-order bits as (R0H/R1H),
and low-order bits as (R0L/R1L). In some instructions, registers R2 and R0, as well as R3 and R1 can
use as 32-bit data registers (R2R0/R3R1).
2.2.2 Address Registers (A0 and A1)
Address registers (A0 and A1) are configured with 16 bits, and have functions equivalent to those of data
registers. These registers can also be used for address register indirect addressing and address register
relative addressing.
In some instructions, registers A1 and A0 can be combined for use as a 32-bit address register (A1A0).
2.2.3 Frame Base Register (FB)
Frame base register (FB) is configured with 16 bits, and is used for FB relative addressing.
2.2.4 Program Counter (PC)
Program counter (PC) is configured with 20 bits, indicating the address of an instruction to be executed.
2.2.5 Interrupt Table Register (INTB)
Interrupt table register (INTB) is configured with 20 bits, indicating the start address of an interrupt vector
table.
2.2.6 Stack Pointer (USP/ISP)
Stack pointer comes in two types: user stack pointer (USP) and interrupt stack pointer (ISP), each config-
ured with 16 bits.
Your desired type of stack pointer (USP or ISP) can be selected by a stack pointer select flag (U flag).
This flag is located at the position of bit 7 in the flag register (FLG).
2.2.7 Static Base Register (SB)
Static base register (SB) is configured with 16 bits, and is used for SB relative addressing.
2.2.8 Flag Register (FLG)
Flag register (FLG) is configured with 11 bits, each bit is used as a flag. Figure 2.2.2 shows the flag
register (FLG). The following explains the function of each flag:
• Bit 0: Carry flag (C flag)
This flag retains a carry, borrow, or shift-out bit that has occurred in the arithmetic/logic unit.
• Bit 1: Debug flag (D flag)
This flag enables a single-step interrupt.
When this flag is “1”, a single-step interrupt is generated after instruction execution. This flag is
cleared to “0” when the interrupt is acknowledged.
• Bit 2: Zero flag (Z flag)
This flag is set to “1” when an arithmetic operation resulted in 0; otherwise, cleared to “0”.
• Bit 3: Sign flag (S flag)
This flag is set to “1” when an arithmetic operation resulted in a negative value; otherwise, cleared to “0”.
• Bit 4: Register bank select flag (B flag)
This flag chooses a register bank. Register bank 0 is selected when this flag is “0” ; register bank 1 is
selected when this flag is “1”.


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