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83C654 Datasheet(PDF) 6 Page - NXP Semiconductors

Part No. 83C654
Description  CMOS single-chip 8-bit microcontroller
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Manufacturer  PHILIPS [NXP Semiconductors]
Direct Link  http://www.nxp.com
Logo PHILIPS - NXP Semiconductors

83C654 Datasheet(HTML) 6 Page - NXP Semiconductors

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Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
83C654
CMOS single-chip 8-bit microcontroller
1998 Jan 06
6
PIN DESCRIPTIONS
PIN NUMBER
MNEMONIC
DIP
PLCC
QFP
TYPE
NAME AND FUNCTION
VSS
20
22
6, 16,
28, 39
I
Ground: 0V reference. With the QFP package all VSS pins (VSS1 to VSS4) must be
connected.
VDD
40
44
38
I
Power Supply: This is the power supply voltage for normal, idle, and power-down
operation.
P0.0–0.7
39–32
43–36
37–30
I/O
Port 0: Port 0 is an open-drain, bidirectional I/O port. Port 0 pins that have 1s written to them
float and can be used as high-impedance inputs. Port 0 is also the multiplexed low-order
address and data bus during accesses to external program and data memory. In this
application, it uses strong internal pull-ups when emitting 1s.
P1.0–P1.7
1–8
2–9
40–44,
1–3
I/O
Port 1: Port 1 is an 8-bit bidirectional I/O port with internal pull-ups, except P1.6 and P1.7
which are open drain. Port 1 pins that have 1s written to them are pulled high by the internal
pull-ups and can be used as inputs. As inputs, port 1 pins that are externally pulled low will
source current because of the internal pull-ups. (See DC Electrical Characteristics: IIL).
Alternate functions include:
P1.6
7
8
2
I/O
SCL: I2C-bus serial port clock line.
P1.7
8
9
3
I/O
SDA: I2C-bus serial port data line.
P2.0–P2.7
21–28
24–31
18–25
I/O
Port 2: Port 2 is an 8-bit bidirectional I/O port with internal pull-ups. Port 2 pins that have 1s
written to them are pulled high by the internal pull-ups and can be used as inputs. As inputs,
port 2 pins that are externally being pulled low will source current because of the internal
pull-ups. (See DC Electrical Characteristics: IIL). Port 2 emits the high-order address byte
during fetches from external program memory and during accesses to external data memory
that use 16-bit addresses (MOVX @DPTR). In this application, it uses strong internal
pull-ups when emitting 1s. During accesses to external data memory that use 8-bit
addresses (MOV @Ri), port 2 emits the contents of the P2 special function register.
P3.0–P3.7
10–17
11,
13–19
5,
7–13
I/O
Port 3: Port 3 is an 8-bit bidirectional I/O port with internal pull-ups. Port 3 pins that have 1s
written to them are pulled high by the internal pull-ups and can be used as inputs. As inputs,
port 3 pins that are externally being pulled low will source current because of the pull-ups.
(See DC Electrical Characteristics: IIL). Port 3 also serves the special features of the 80C51
family, as listed below:
10
11
5
I
RxD (P3.0): Serial input port
11
13
7
O
TxD (P3.1): Serial output port
12
14
8
I
INT0 (P3.2): External interrupt
13
15
9
I
INT1 (P3.3): External interrupt
14
16
10
I
T0 (P3.4): Timer 0 external input
15
17
11
I
T1 (P3.5): Timer 1 external input
16
18
12
O
WR (P3.6): External data memory write strobe
17
19
13
O
RD (P3.7): External data memory read strobe
RST
9
10
4
I
Reset: A high on this pin for two machine cycles while the oscillator is running, resets the
device. An internal diffused resistor to VSS permits a power-on reset using only an external
capacitor to VDD.
ALE
30
33
27
I/O
Address Latch Enable: Output pulse for latching the low byte of the address during an
access to external memory. In normal operation, ALE is emitted at a constant rate of 1/6 the
oscillator frequency. Note that one ALE pulse is skipped during each access to external data
memory.
PSEN
29
32
26
O
Program Store Enable: Read strobe to external program memory via Port 0 and Port 2. It is
activated twice each machine cycle during fetches from the external program memory. When
executing out of external program memory two activations of PSEN are skipped during each
access to external data memory. PSEN is not activated (remains HIGH) during no fetches
from external program memory. PSEN can sink/source 8 LSTTL inputs and can drive CMOS
inputs without external pull–ups.
EA
31
35
29
I
External Access: If during a RESET, EA is held at TTL, level HIGH, the CPU executes out
of the internal program memory ROM provided the Program Counter is less than 16384. If
during a RESET, EA is held a TTL LOW level, the CPU executes out of external program
memory. EA is not allowed to float.
XTAL1
19
21
15
I
Crystal 1: Input to the inverting oscillator amplifier and input to the internal clock generator
circuits.
XTAL2
18
20
14
O
Crystal 2: Output from the inverting oscillator amplifier.
NOTE:
To avoid “latch-up” effect at power-on, the voltage on any pin at any time must not be higher than VDD + 0.5V or VSS – 0.5V, respectively.


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