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CLC020 Datasheet(PDF) 6 Page - National Semiconductor (TI)

[Old version datasheet] Texas Instruments acquired National semiconductor. Click here to check the latest version.
Part No. CLC020
Description  SMPTE 259M Digital Video Serializer with Integrated Cable Driver
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Maker  NSC [National Semiconductor (TI)]
Homepage  http://www.national.com
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CLC020 Datasheet(HTML) 6 Page - National Semiconductor (TI)

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Device Operation
The CLC020 SMPTE 259M Digital Video Serializer is used in
digital video signal origination and processing equipment:
cameras, video tape recorders, telecines, video test equip-
ment and others. It converts parallel component or compos-
ite digital video signals into serial format. Logic levels within
this equipment are normally TTL-compatible as produced by
CMOS or bipolar logic devices. The encoder outputs ECL-
compatible serial digital video (SDV) signals conforming to
SMPTE 259M-1997. The CLC020 operates at all standard
SMPTE and ITU-R parallel data rates.
VIDEO DATA PROCESSING CIRCUITS
The input data register accepts 8 or 10-bit parallel data and
clock signals having CMOS/TTL-compatible signal levels.
Parallel data may conform to any of several standards:
SMPTE 125M, SMPTE 267M, SMPTE 244M or ITU-R
BT.601. If data is 8-bit, it is converted to a 10-bit represen-
tation according to the type of data being input: component
4:2:2 per SMPTE 259M paragraph 7.1.1, composite NTSC
per paragraph 8.1.1 or composite PAL per paragraph 9.1.1.
Output from this register feeds the SMPTE polynomial
generator/serializer and sync detector. All CMOS inputs in-
cluding the P
CLK input have internal pull-down devices.
The sync detector or TRS character detector accepts data
from the input register. The detection function is controlled
by Sync Detect Enable, a low-true, TTL-compatible, external
signal. Synchronization words, the timing reference signals
(TRS), start-of-active-video (SAV) and end-of-active-video
(EAV) are defined in SMPTE 125M-1995 and 244M. The
sync detector supplies control signals to the SMPTE polyno-
mial generator that identify the presence of valid video data.
The sync detector performs input TRS character LSB-
clipping as prescribed in ITU-R-BT.601. LSB-clipping causes
all TRS characters with a value between 000h and 003h to
be forced to 000h and all TRS characters with a value
between 3FCh and 3FFh to be forced to 3FFh. Clipping is
done prior to encoding.
The SMPTE polynomial generator accepts the parallel
video data and encodes it using the polynomial X
9+X4+1 as
specified in SMPTE 259M–1997, paragraph 5 and Annex C.
The scrambled data is then serialized for output.
The NRZ-to-NRZI converter accepts serial NRZ data from
the SMPTE polynomial genertor and converts it to NRZI
using the polynomialX+1per SMPTE 259M–1997, para-
graph 5.2 and Annex C. The transmission bit order is LSB
first, per paragraph 6. The converter’s output feeds the
output driver amplifier.
PHASE-LOCKED LOOP AND VCO
The phase-locked loop (PLL) system generates the output
serial data clock at 10x the parallel data clock frequency.
This system consists of a VCO, divider chain, phase-
frequency detector and internal loop filter. The VCO free-
running frequency is internally set. The PLL automatically
generates the appropriate frequency for the serial clock rate
using the parallel data clock (P
CLK) frequency as its refer-
ence. Loop filtering is internal to the CLC020. The VCO has
separate V
SSO and VDDO power supply feeds, pins 15 and
16, which may be supplied power independently via an
external low-pass filter, if desired. The PLL acquisition (lock)
time is less than 75 µs @ 270 Mbps.
LOCK DETECT
The Lock Detect output of the phase-frequency detector
indicates the PLL lock condition. It is a logic HIGH when the
loop is locked. The output is CMOS/TTL-compatible and is
suitable for driving other CMOS devices or a LED indicator.
SERIAL DATA OUTPUT BUFFER
The current-mode serial data outputs provide low-skew
complimentary or differential signals. The output buffer de-
sign can drive 75
Ω coaxial cables (AC-coupled) or 10k/100k
ECL/PECL-compatible devices (DC-coupled). Output levels
are 800 mV
P-P ±10% into 75
Ω AC-coupled, back-matched
loads. The output level is 400 mV
P-P
±10% when DC-
coupled into 75
Ω (See Application Information for details).
The 75
Ω resistors connected to the SDO outputs are back-
matching resistors. No series back-matching resistors
should be used. SDO output levels are controlled by the
value of R
REF connected to pin 19. The value of RREF is
normally 1.69 k
Ω, ±1%. The output buffer is static when the
device is in an out-of-lock condition. Separate V
SSSD and
V
DDSD power feeds, pins 21 and 24, are provided for the
serial output driver.
POWER-ON RESET
The CLC020 has an internally controlled, automatic,
power-on reset circuit. This circuit clears TRS detection
circuitry, all latches, registers, counters and polynomial gen-
erators and disables the serial output. The SDO outputs are
tri-stated during power-on reset. The part will remain in the
reset condition until the parallel input clock is applied.
It is recommended that P
CLK not be asserted until at least
30 µs after power has reached V
DDmin. See Figure 4.
10091714
FIGURE 4. Power-On Reset Sequence
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