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EM6617 Datasheet(PDF) 26 Page - EM Microelectronic - MARIN SA

Part No. EM6617
Description  Ultra Low Power Microcontroller with ADC AND EEPROM
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Maker  EMMICRO [EM Microelectronic - MARIN SA]
Homepage  http://www.emmicroelectronic.com
Logo EMMICRO - EM Microelectronic - MARIN SA

EM6617 Datasheet(HTML) 26 Page - EM Microelectronic - MARIN SA

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EM6617
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For instance, loading the counter in up count mode with hex 000 and the comparator with hex C52 which will be
identified as :
- bits[11:10] are limiting the counter to limits to 4 bits length, =03
(BitSel[1,0])
- bits
[9:4] are the unused counter bits = hex 05 (bin 000101),
(number of PWM pulses)
- bits
[3:0] (comparator value = 2).
(length of PWM pulse)
Thus after 5 PWM-pulses of 2 clocks cycles length the Counter generates an
IRQComp and stops.
The same example with SelIntFull=0 (limited bit compare) will produce an unlimited number of PWM at a length of
2 clock cycles.
8.5.1 How the PWM Generator works.
For Up Count Mode; Setting the counter in up count and PWM mode the PB[3] PWM output is defined to be 0
(
EnComp=0 forces the PWM output to 0 in upcount mode, 1 in downcount). Each Roll Over will set the output to
‘1’ and each Compare Match will set it back to ‘0’. The Compare Match for PWM always only works on the
defined counter length. This, independent of the SelIntFull setting which is valid only for the IRQ generation. Refer
also to the compare setup in chapter 8.4.
In above example the PWM starts counting up on hex 0,
2 cycles later compare match -> PWM to ‘0’,
14 cycles later roll over -> PWM to ‘1’
2 cycles later compare match -> PWM to ‘0’ , etc. until the completion of the 5 pulses.
The normal IRQ generation remains on during PWM output. If no IRQ’s are wanted, the corresponding masks
need to be set.
In Down Count Mode everything is inverted. The PWM output starts with the ‘1’ value. Each Roll Over will set
the output to ‘0’ and each Compare Match will set it back to ‘1’. For limited pulse generation one must load the
complementary pulse number value. I.e. for 5 pulses counting on 4 bits load bits[9 :4] with hex 3A (bin 111010).
8.5.2 PWM Characteristics
PWM resolution is
: 10bits (1024 steps), 8bits (256 steps), 6bits (64 steps) or 4 bits (16 steps)
the minimal signal period is
: 16 (4-bit) x Fmax*
-> 16 x 1/Ck[15]
-> 977 µs
(32 KHz)
the maximum signal period is
: 1024 x Fmin*
-> 1024 x 1/Ck[1]
-> 1024 s
(32 KHz)
the minimal pulse width is
: 1 bit
-> 1 x 1/Ck[15]
-> 61 µs
(32 KHz)
* This values are for Fmax or Fmin derived from the internal system clock (32kHz). Much shorter (and longer)
PWM pulses can be achieved by using the port A as frequency input.
One must not use a compare value of hex 0 in up count mode nor a value of hex 3FF (or FF,3F, F if limited bit
compare) in downcount mode.
Figure 20. PWM Output in Up Count Mode
Data+2
Data+1
Data-1
Data
...
001
000
03F
03E
PWM output
IRQComp
IRQCount0
Compare
Roll-over
Count[9 :0]
Clock
Figure 21. PWM Output in Down Count Mode
Data-2
Data-1
Data+1
Data
...
3FE
3FF
000
001
PWM output
IRQComp
IRQCount0
Compare
Roll-over
Count[9 :0]
Clock


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