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G5114 Datasheet(PDF) 6 Page - Global Mixed-mode Technology Inc

Part No. G5114
Description  High Efficiency, Constant Current Output for 8 Series LEDs Driver
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Maker  GMT [Global Mixed-mode Technology Inc]
Homepage  http://www.gmt.com.tw
Logo GMT - Global Mixed-mode Technology Inc

G5114 Datasheet(HTML) 6 Page - Global Mixed-mode Technology Inc

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Ver: 1.1
Sep 13, 2004
TEL: 886-3-5788833
http://www.gmt.com.tw
6
G5114/G5116/G5118
Global Mixed-mode Technology Inc.
Pin Description
PIN
G5114
G5116
G5118
SOT-23-5
SOT-23-5
MSOP-8
NAME
FUNCTION
1
1
8
SW
Switch Pin. The drain of the internal NMOS power switch. Connect
this pin to inductor.
2
PGND Power Ground Pin.
2
2
7
AGND Analog Ground Pin.
3
3
6
FB
Feedback Pin.
4
5
SHDN
Active Low Shutdown Pin. Tie this pin to logical high to enable
the device or tied it to logical low to turn this device off. Internal
1.5M
Ω pulled high.
4
4
OVP
Over Voltage Protection Sense Pin.
5
5
1
VCC
Input Supply Pin. Bypass this pin with a capacitor as close to the
device as possible.
Function Description
Operation
The G5114/G5116/G5118 are boost converters with
NMOS switch embedded. They operate in a PFM
scheme with constant peak current control. The opera-
tion frequency is up to 1MHz and is determined by the
current limit, inductor value, input voltage and minimum
off time. The boost cycle is started when FB pin voltage
drop below 0.25V as the NMOS switch turns on. During
the switch on period, the inductor current ramps up until
400mA current limit is reached. Then turns the switch
off, while the inductor current flows through external
schottky diode, and ramps down to zero. During the
switch off period, the inductor current provides for load
current and also charges output capacitor. It makes the
LED current higher and results in larger voltage drop on
sense resistor Rs. The cycle stop when FB pin voltage
is above 0.25V.
The current limit function acts as an inherent soft start
by controlling the inrush current.
PWM Dimming
To control the brightness of the LEDs, use a low fre-
quency PWM waveform to turn G5116/G5118 on for
duty 0%~100%. How bright the LEDs at 100% duty are
determined by sense resistor Rs.
Overvoltage Protection (OVP)
OVP is designed to prevent the damage of internal
NMOS switch in case the increased impedance of the
LED load (include the LED opened). Once the device
detects over voltage at the output, the internal NMOS
switch is kept off until the output voltage drops below
25V.
Applications Information
Inductor Selection
The PFM peak current control scheme of the G5114/
G5116/G5118 is inherently stable. The inductor value
does not affect the stability of the regulator. The se-
lected inductor must have a saturation current that
meets the maximum peak current of the converter. An-
other important inductor parameter is the DC resistance.
The lower DC resistance has the higher the efficiency
of the converter.
Table 1. Recommended Inductors
PART
VALUE(µH) MAX DCR (
Ω) VENDOR
LQH32CN100K1
1
10
0.39
MURATA
972AS-100M
10
0.48
TOKO
960AW-100M
10
0.18
TOKO
Output Capacitor Selection
For better output voltage filtering, a low ESR output
capacitor is recommended. Ceramic capacitors have a
low ESR value, but depending on the application, tan-
talum capacitors can be used. The selection of the
output capacitor value directly influences the output
voltage ripple of the converter which also influences
line regulation. The larger output voltage ripple, the
larger line regulation, which means that the LED cur-
rent changes if the input voltage changes. If a certain
change in LED current gives a noticeable change in
LED brightness, depends on the LED manufacturer and
on the application. Applications requiring good line
regulation
±1%/V (TYP) must use output capacitor val-
ues
±1µF.


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