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ATMEGA165P Datasheet(PDF) 27 Page - ATMEL Corporation

Part No. ATMEGA165P
Description  8-bit AVR Microcontroller with 16K Bytes In-System Programmable Flash
Download  365 Pages
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Maker  ATMEL [ATMEL Corporation]
Homepage  http://www.atmel.com
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ATMEGA165P Datasheet(HTML) 27 Page - ATMEL Corporation

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8018A–AVR–03/06
ATmega165P
6.5
I/O Memory
The I/O space definition of the ATmega165P is shown in ”Register Summary” on page 347.
All ATmega165P I/Os and peripherals are placed in the I/O space. All I/O locations may be
accessed by the LD/LDS/LDD and ST/STS/STD instructions, transferring data between the 32
general purpose working registers and the I/O space. I/O Registers within the address range
0x00 - 0x1F are directly bit-accessible using the SBI and CBI instructions. In these registers, the
value of single bits can be checked by using the SBIS and SBIC instructions. Refer to the
instruction set section for more details. When using the I/O specific commands IN and OUT, the
I/O addresses 0x00 - 0x3F must be used. When addressing I/O Registers as data space using
LD and ST instructions, 0x20 must be added to these addresses. The ATmega165P is a com-
plex microcontroller with more peripheral units than can be supported within the 64 location
reserved in Opcode for the IN and OUT instructions. For the Extended I/O space from 0x60 -
0xFF in SRAM, only the ST/STS/STD and LD/LDS/LDD instructions can be used.
For compatibility with future devices, reserved bits should be written to zero if accessed.
Reserved I/O memory addresses should never be written.
Some of the Status Flags are cleared by writing a logical one to them. Note that, unlike most
other AVRs, the CBI and SBI instructions will only operate on the specified bit, and can therefore
be used on registers containing such Status Flags. The CBI and SBI instructions work with reg-
isters 0x00 to 0x1F only.
The I/O and peripherals control registers are explained in later sections.
6.6
General Purpose I/O Registers
The ATmega165P contains three General Purpose I/O Registers. These registers can be used
for storing any information, and they are particularly useful for storing global variables and Sta-
tus Flags. General Purpose I/O Registers within the address range 0x00 - 0x1F are directly bit-
accessible using the SBI, CBI, SBIS, and SBIC instructions.
6.6.1
GPIOR2 – General Purpose I/O Register 2
6.6.2
GPIOR1 – General Purpose I/O Register 1
6.6.3
GPIOR0 – General Purpose I/O Register 0
Bit
765
4321
0
0x2B (0x4B)
MSB
LSB
GPIOR2
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Initial Value
000
0000
0
Bit
765
4321
0
0x2A (0x4A)
MSB
LSB
GPIOR1
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Initial Value
000
0000
0
Bit
765
4321
0
0x1E (0x3E)
MSB
LSB
GPIOR0
Read/Write
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Initial Value
000
0000
0


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