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KAD2710C Datasheet(PDF) 12 Page - Renesas Technology Corp

Part No. KAD2710C
Description  10-Bit, 275/210/170/105MSPS A/D Converter
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Maker  RENESAS [Renesas Technology Corp]
Homepage  http://www.renesas.com
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KAD2710C Datasheet(HTML) 12 Page - Renesas Technology Corp

 
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KAD2710C
FN6814 Rev 0.00
Page 12 of 16
December 5, 2008
Functional Description
The KAD2710 is a ten bit, 275MSPS A/D converter in a
pipelined architecture. The input voltage is captured by a
sample and hold circuit and converted to a unit of charge.
Proprietary charge-domain techniques are used to compare
the input to a series of reference charges. These comparisons
determine the digital code for each input value. The converter
pipeline requires 24 sample clocks to produce a result. Digital
error correction is also applied, resulting in a total latency of 28
clock cycles. This is evident to the user as a latency between
the start of a conversion and the data being available on the
digital outputs.
At power-up, a self-calibration is performed to minimize gain
and offset errors. The reset pin (RST) is held low internally at
power-up and will remain in that state until the calibration is
complete. The clock frequency should remain fixed during this
time.
Calibration accuracy is maintained for the sample rate at which
it is performed, and therefore should be repeated if the clock
frequency is changed by more than 10%. Recalibration can be
initiated via the RST pin, or power cycling, at any time.
Reset
Recalibration of the ADC can be initiated at any time by driving
the RST pin low for a minimum of one clock cycle. An open-
drain driver is recommended.
The calibration sequence is initiated on the rising edge of RST,
as shown in Figure 21. The over-range output (OR) is set high
once RST is pulled low, and remains in that state until
calibration is complete. The OR output returns to normal
operation at that time, so it is important that the analog input be
within the converter’s full-scale range in order to observe the
transition. If the input is in an over-range state the OR pin will
stay high and it will not be possible to detect the end of the
calibration cycle.
While RST is low, the output clock (CLKOUT) stops toggling
and is set low. Normal operation of the output clock resumes at
the next input clock edge (CLKP/CLKN) after RST is
deasserted. At 275MSPS the nominal calibration time is
~240ms.
Voltage Reference
The VREF pin is the reference voltage which sets the full-scale
input voltage for the chip. This pin requires a bypass capacitor
of 0.1uF at a minimum. The internally generated bandgap
reference voltage is provided by an on-chip voltage
buffer.buffer can sink or source up to 50µA externally.
An external voltage may be applied to this pin to provide a
more accurate reference than the internally generated
bandgap voltage, or to match the full-scale reference for
multiple KAD2710C chips.One option in the latter configuration
is to use one KAD2710C's internally generated reference as
the external reference voltage for the other chips in the system.
Additionally, an externally provided reference can be changed
from the nominal value to adjust the full-scale input voltage
within a limited range.
To select whether the full-scale reference is internally
generated or externally provided, the digital input VREFSEL is
set low for internal, or high for external.This pin has internal
pull-up.use the internally generated reference VREFSEL can
be tied directly to AVSS, and to use an external reference
VREFSEL can be left unconnected.
Analog Input
The ADC core contains a fully differential input (INP/INN) to the
sample and hold circuit. The ideal full-scale input voltage is
1.50V, centered at the VCM voltage of 0.86V as shown in
Figure 22.
Best performance is obtained when the analog inputs are
driven differentially. The common-mode output voltage, VCM,
should be used to properly bias the inputs as shown in Figures
23 and 24. An RF transformer will give the best noise and
distortion performance for wideband and/or high intermediate
frequency (IF) inputs. Two different transformer input schemes
are shown in Figures 23 and 24.
FIGURE 21. CALIBRATION TIMING
CLKP
CLKN
CLKOUTP
RST
ORP
Calibration Begins
Calibration Complete
Calibration Time
FIGURE 22. ANALOG INPUT RANGE
1.0
1.8
0.6
0.2
1.4
INP
INN
VCM
0.86V
0.75V
-0.75V
V
t


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