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HIP6311 Datasheet(PDF) 15 Page  Renesas Technology Corp 

HIP6311 Datasheet(HTML) 15 Page  Renesas Technology Corp 
15 / 17 page HIP6311 FN4817 Rev 3.00 Page 15 of 17 December 27, 2004 Output Inductor Selection One of the parameters limiting the converter’s response to a load transient is the time required to change the inductor current. Small inductors in a multiphase converter reduces the response time without significant increases in total ripple current. The output inductor of each power channel controls the ripple current. The control IC is stable for channel ripple current (peaktopeak) up to twice the average current. A single channel’s ripple current is approximately: The current from multiple channels tend to cancel each other and reduce the total ripple current. Figure 12 gives the total ripple current as a function of duty cycle, normalized to the parameter at zero duty cycle. To determine the total ripple current from the number of channels and the duty cycle, multiply the yaxis value by . Small values of output inductance can cause excessive power dissipation. The HIP6303 is designed for stable operation for ripple currents up to twice the load current. However, for this condition, the RMS current is 115% above the value shown in the following MOSFET Selection and Considerations section. With all else fixed, decreasing the inductance could increase the power dissipated in the MOSFETs by 30%. Input Capacitor Selection The important parameters for the bulk input capacitors are the voltage rating and the RMS current rating. For reliable operation, select bulk input capacitors with voltage and current ratings above the maximum input voltage and largest RMS current required by the circuit. The capacitor voltage rating should be at least 1.25 times greater than the maximum input voltage and a voltage rating of 1.5 times is a conservative guideline. The RMS current required for a multiphase converter can be approximated with the aid of Figure 13. First determine the operating duty ratio as the ratio of the output voltage divided by the input voltage. Find the Current Multiplier from the curve with the appropriate power channels. Multiply the current multiplier by the full load output current. The resulting value is the RMS current rating required by the input capacitor. Use a mix of input bypass capacitors to control the voltage overshoot across the MOSFETs. Use ceramic capacitance for the high frequency decoupling and bulk capacitors to supply the RMS current. Small ceramic capacitors should be placed very close to the drain of the upper MOSFET to suppress the voltage induced in the parasitic circuit impedances. For bulk capacitance, several electrolytic capacitors (Panasonic HFQ series or Nichicon PL series or Sanyo MVGX or equivalent) may be needed. For surface mount designs, solid tantalum capacitors can be used, but caution must be exercised with regard to the capacitor surge current rating. These capacitors must be capable of handling the surgecurrent at powerup. The TPS series available from AVX, and the 593D series from Sprague are both surge current tested. MOSFET Selection and Considerations In highcurrent PWM applications, the MOSFET power dissipation, package selection and heatsink are the dominant design factors. The power dissipation includes two loss components; conduction loss and switching loss. These losses are distributed between the upper and lower MOSFETs according to duty factor (see the following equations). The conduction losses are the main component of power dissipation for the lower MOSFETs, Q2 and Q4 of Figure 1. Only the upper MOSFETs, Q1 and Q3 have significant switching losses, since the lower device turns on and off into near zero voltage. The equations assume linear voltagecurrent transitions and do not model power loss due to the reverserecovery of the lower MOSFETs body diode. The gatecharge losses are I VIN VOUT – FSW L  VOUT VIN  = Vo LxF SW Vo LxF SW 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 DUTY CYCLE (VO/VIN) SINGLE CHANNEL 2 CHANNEL 3 CHANNEL 4 CHANNEL FIGURE 12. RIPPLE CURRENT vs DUTY CYCLE 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 DUTY CYCLE (VO/VIN) SINGLE CHANNEL 3 CHANNEL 4 CHANNEL 2 CHANNEL FIGURE 13. CURRENT MULTIPLIER vs DUTY CYCLE 
Similar Part No.  HIP6311 

Similar Description  HIP6311 


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