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LTC2220 Datasheet(PDF) 18 Page  Linear Technology 

LTC2220 Datasheet(HTML) 18 Page  Linear Technology 
18 / 32 page LTC2220/LTC2221 18 22201fa APPLICATIO S I FOR ATIO DYNAMIC PERFORMANCE SignaltoNoise Plus Distortion Ratio The signaltonoise plus distortion ratio [S/(N + D)] is the ratio between the RMS amplitude of the fundamental input frequency and the RMS amplitude of all other frequency components at the ADC output. The output is band limited to frequencies above DC to below half the sampling frequency. SignaltoNoise Ratio The signaltonoise ratio (SNR) is the ratio between the RMS amplitude of the fundamental input frequency and the RMS amplitude of all other frequency components except the first five harmonics and DC. Total Harmonic Distortion Total harmonic distortion is the ratio of the RMS sum of all harmonics of the input signal to the fundamental itself. The outofband harmonics alias into the frequency band between DC and half the sampling frequency. THD is expressed as: THD = 20Log ( √(V22 + V32 + V42 + . . . Vn2)/V1) where V1 is the RMS amplitude of the fundamental fre quency and V2 through Vn are the amplitudes of the second through nth harmonics. The THD calculated in this data sheet uses all the harmonics up to the fifth. Intermodulation Distortion If the ADC input signal consists of more than one spectral component, the ADC transfer function nonlinearity can produce intermodulation distortion (IMD) in addition to THD. IMD is the change in one sinusoidal input caused by the presence of another sinusoidal input at a different frequency. If two pure sine waves of frequencies fa and fb are applied to the ADC input, nonlinearities in the ADC transfer func tion can create distortion products at the sum and differ ence frequencies of mfa ± nfb, where m and n = 0, 1, 2, 3, etc. The 3rd order intermodulation products are 2fa + fb, 2fb + fa, 2fa – fb and 2fb – fa. The intermodulation distortion is defined as the ratio of the RMS value of either input tone to the RMS value of the largest 3rd order intermodulation product. Spurious Free Dynamic Range (SFDR) Spurious free dynamic range is the peak harmonic or spurious noise that is the largest spectral component excluding the input signal and DC. This value is expressed in decibels relative to the RMS value of a full scale input signal. Full Power Bandwidth The full power bandwidth is that input frequency at which the amplitude of the reconstructed fundamental is re duced by 3dB for a full scale input signal. Aperture Delay Time The time from when a rising ENC+ equals the ENC– voltage to the instant that the input signal is held by the sample and hold circuit. Aperture Delay Jitter The variation in the aperture delay time from conversion to conversion. This random variation will result in noise when sampling an AC input. The signal to noise ratio due to the jitter alone will be: SNRJITTER = –20log (2π • fIN • tJITTER) CONVERTER OPERATION As shown in Figure 1, the LTC2220/LTC2221 is a CMOS pipelined multistep converter. The converter has five pipelined ADC stages; a sampled analog input will result in a digitized value five cycles later (see the Timing Diagram section). For optimal AC performance the analog inputs should be driven differentially. For cost sensitive applica tions, the analog inputs can be driven singleended with slightly worse harmonic distortion. The encode input is differential for improved common mode noise immunity. The LTC2220/LTC2221 has two phases of operation, determined by the state of the differential ENC+/ENC– input pins. For brevity, the text will refer to ENC+ greater than ENC– as ENC high and ENC+ less than ENC– as ENC low. 
Similar Part No.  LTC2220 

Similar Description  LTC2220 


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