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HD44780 Datasheet(PDF) 24 Page - Hitachi Semiconductor

Part No. HD44780
Description  Dot Matrix Liquid Crystal Display Controller/Driver
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Maker  HITACHI [Hitachi Semiconductor]
Homepage  http://www.renesas.com/eng
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HD44780U
24
Normally, instructions that perform data transfer with internal RAM are used the most. However, auto-
incrementation by 1 (or auto-decrementation by 1) of internal HD44780U RAM addresses after each data
write can lighten the program load of the MPU. Since the display shift instruction (Table 11) can perform
concurrently with display data write, the user can minimize system development time with maximum
programming efficiency.
When an instruction is being executed for internal operation, no instruction other than the busy flag/address
read instruction can be executed.
Because the busy flag is set to 1 while an instruction is being executed, check it to make sure it is 0 before
sending another instruction from the MPU.
Note:
Be sure the HD44780U is not in the busy state (BF = 0) before sending an instruction from the
MPU to the HD44780U. If an instruction is sent without checking the busy flag, the time between
the first instruction and next instruction will take much longer than the instruction time itself. Refer
to Table 6 for the list of each instruc-tion execution time.
Table 6
Instructions
Code
Execution Time
(max) (when f
cp or
Instruction RS
R/
W DB7 DB6 DB5 DB4 DB3 DB2 DB1 DB0 Description
f
OSC is 270 kHz)
Clear
display
0
0
0
0
0000
01
Clears entire display and
sets DDRAM address 0 in
address counter.
Return
home
0
0
0
0
0000
1—
Sets DDRAM address 0 in
address counter. Also
returns display from being
shifted to original position.
DDRAM contents remain
unchanged.
1.52 ms
Entry
mode set
0
0
0
0
0001
I/D
S
Sets cursor move direction
and specifies display shift.
These operations are
performed during data write
and read.
37
µs
Display
on/off
control
0
0
0
0
001D
C
B
Sets entire display (D) on/off,
cursor on/off (C), and
blinking of cursor position
character (B).
37
µs
Cursor or
display
shift
0
0
0
0
0
1
S/C
R/L
Moves cursor and shifts
display without changing
DDRAM contents.
37
µs
Function
set
0
0
0
0
1
DL
N
F
Sets interface data length
(DL), number of display lines
(N), and character font (F).
37
µs
Set
CGRAM
address
0
0
0
1
ACG ACG ACG ACG ACG ACG Sets CGRAM address.
CGRAM data is sent and
received after this setting.
37
µs
Set
DDRAM
address
0
0
1
ADD ADD ADD ADD ADD ADD ADD Sets DDRAM address.
DDRAM data is sent and
received after this setting.
37
µs
Read busy
flag &
address
0
1
BF
AC
AC
AC
AC
AC
AC
AC
Reads busy flag (BF)
indicating internal operation
is being performed and
reads address counter
contents.
0
µs




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