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AD722 Datasheet(PDF) 1 Page - Analog Devices

Part No. AD722
Description  RGB to NTSC/PAL Encoder
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Maker  AD [Analog Devices]
Homepage  http://www.analog.com
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a
RGB to NTSC/PAL Encoder
AD722
© Analog Devices, Inc., 1995
One Technology Way, P.O. Box 9106, Norwood. MA 02062-9106, U.S.A.
Tel: 617/329-4700
Fax: 617/326-8703
FEATURES
Low Cost, Integrated Solution
+5 V Operation
Accepts FSC Clock or Crystal, or 4FSC Clock
Composite Video and Separate Y/C (S-Video) Outputs
Minimal External Components:
No External Filters or Delay Lines Required
Onboard DC Restoration
Accepts Either HSYNC & VSYNC or CSYNC
Phase Lock to External Subcarrier
Drives 75
Ω Reverse-Terminated Loads
Logic Selectable NTSC or PAL Encoding Modes
Compact 16-Pin SOIC
APPLICATIONS
RGB to NTSC or PAL Encoding
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
The AD722 is a low cost RGB to NTSC/PAL Encoder that
converts red, green and blue color component signals into their
corresponding luminance (baseband amplitude) and chromi-
nance (subcarrier amplitude and phase) signals in accordance
with either NTSC or PAL standards. These two outputs are
also combined to provide composite video output. All three out-
puts can simultaneously drive 75
Ω, reverse-terminated cables.
All logical inputs are CMOS compatible. The chip operates
from a single +5 V supply. No external delay lines or filters are
required. The AD722 may be powered down when not in use.
The AD722 accepts either FSC or 4FSC clock. When a clock is
not available, a low cost parallel-resonant crystal (3.58 MHz
(NTSC) or 4.43 MHz (PAL)) and the AD722’s on-chip oscilla-
tor generate the necessary subcarrier clock. The AD722 also ac-
cepts the subcarrier clock from an external video source.
The interface to VGA Controllers and MPEG Video Decoders
is simple: an on-chip logic “XNOR” accepts the available verti-
cal (VSYNC) and horizontal sync (HSYNC) signals and creates
the composite sync (CSYNC) signal on-chip. If available, the
AD722 will also accept a standard CSYNC signal by connecting
VSYNC to +5 V and applying CSYNC to HSYNC pin. The
AD722 contains decoding logic to identify valid HSYNC pulses
for correct burst insertion.
Delays in the U and V chroma filters are matched by an on-chip
sampled-data delay line in the Y signal path. To prevent
aliasing, a prefilter at 5 MHz is included ahead of the delay line
and a post-filter at 5 MHz is added after the delay line to sup-
press harmonics in the output. These low-pass filters are opti-
mized for minimum pulse overshoot. The overall luma delay,
relative to chroma, has been designed to be 170 ns, which
precompensates for delays in the filters used in the IF section of
a television receiver. This precompensation delay is already
present in TV broadcasts. The AD722 comes in a space-saving
SOIC and is specified for the 0
°C to +70°C commercial tem-
perature range.
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
PHASE
DETECTOR
CHARGE
PUMP
FILTER
LOOP
XOSC
4FSC
VCO
SYNC
SEPARATOR
XNOR
XOSC
CHARGE
PUMP
FILTER
LOOP
4FSC
VCO
XNOR
4FSC
4FSC
FSC
SUB-
CARRIER
NTSC/PAL
HSYNC
VSYNC
BURST
QUADRATURE
+4
DECODER
±180°
(PAL ONLY)
NTSC/PAL
FSC 90
°
FSC 0
°
4FSC
SC 90
°/270°
FSC
CSYNC
CSYNC
DC
CLAMP
RED
GREEN
BLUE
RGB-TO-YUV
ENCODING
MATRIX
BURST
Y
3-POLE
LP PRE-
FILTER
U
V
4-POLE
LPF
4-POLE
LPF
BALANCED
MODULATORS
3-POLE LPF
3.6MHz (NTSC)
4.4MHz (PAL)
NTSC/PAL
CSYNC
INSERTION
SAMPLED-
DATA
DELAY
LINE
2-POLE
LP POST-
FILTER
X2
X2
X2
LUMINANCE
OUTPUT
COMPOSITE
OUTPUT
CHROMINANCE
OUTPUT
U
CLAMP
V
CLAMP
NTSC/PAL
CLOCK
AT 4FSC
DC
CLAMP
DC
CLAMP
REV. 0
Information furnished by Analog Devices is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Analog Devices for its
use, nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties
which may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or
otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Analog Devices.




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